Facts, measurements, recordings, records, or observations about the world collected by scientists and others, with a minimum of contextual interpretation. Data may be in any format or medium taking the form of writings, notes, numbers, symbols, text, images, films, video, sound recordings, pictorial reproductions, drawings, designs or other graphical representations, procedural manuals, forms, diagrams, work flow charts, equipment descriptions, data files, data processing algorithms, or statistical records.

REFERENCE. Research Data Alliance ; Landry et al. (1970); Carol Tenopir (2007); Michael Buckland (2007); See Zin et al. (2007) for an analysis of 130 definitions of data, information and knowledge provided by an expert panel of 45 leading scholars in information science, and the development of 5 models for defining data, information, and knowledge.